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The negative form in French

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La négation en Français
To make a sentence negative, you simply place ne... pas around the verb. Elle travaille le lundi. She works on Mondays. Elle ne travaille pas le lundi. She does not work on Mondays. Il répond à la lettre. He answers the letter. Il ne répond pas à la lettre. He does not answer the letter.
If the ne precedes a verb starting with a vowel or a mute h, ne becomes n’. J’habite à Strasbourg. I live in Strasbourg. Je n’habite pas à Strasbourg. I do not live in Strasbourg. Elle aime les marguerites. She likes daisies. Elle n’aime pas les marguerites. She does not like daisies.
Aside from ne... pas, there are other negations, constructed in the same way. Il n’attend personne.

The interrogative form in French

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La forme interrogative en Français
In French there are three ways of asking questions. You can do an inversion of the subject and the verb, use the est-ce que form, or simply use the affi rmative form with an upward intonation. Let’s start with the inversion: Comprenez-vous la question? Do you understand the question? Parlez-vous espagnol? Do you speak Spanish?
If the third-person singular of a verb ends with a vowel, a -t- is inserted to facilitate the pronunciation. Parle-t-elle russe? Does she speak Russian? Voyage-t-il souvent en Europe? Does he oft en travel to Europe?
A more colloquial way of asking a question is to use the est-ce que form in front of the subject _ verb. Est-ce que vous habitez à New York? Do you live in New York? Est-ce que tu sors ce soir? Are you going out tonight?
Est-ce que becomes est-ce qu’ before a vowel. Est-ce que vous courez dans le parc? Do you run in the park? Est-ce qu’ils vendent des timbres?

The present tense of -ir

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Le présent des verbes en -ir
We studied the -er verbs in the fi rst chapter. Now, let’s explore the -ir and -re verbs. Th e -ir verbs follow two diff erent conjugation patterns. Type 1 verbs drop the -ir of the infi nitive, add an -iss- to the plural form, and then insert the appropriate ending. choisir to choose je choisis I choose nous choisissons we choose tu choisis you choose vous choisissez you choose il/elle choisit he/she chooses ils/elles choisissent they choose Many other verbs follow the same conjugation. accomplir to accomplish nous accomplissons we accomplish adoucir to soft en, nous adoucissons we soft en, to mellow we mellow agrandir to enlarge nous agrandissons we enlarge applaudir to applaud nous applaudissons we applaud bâtir to build nous bâtissons we build bénir to bless nous bénissons we bless éclaircir to lighten, to clear nous éclaircissons we lighten, we clear

The present tense of -re in french

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Le présent des verbes en -re en FrançaisFor regular -re verbs, remove the -re ending and follow the pattern below. vendre to sell je vends I sell nous vendons we sell tu vends you sell vous vendez you sell il/elle vend he/she sells ils/elles vendent they sell Here are other verbs that are conjugated in the same way: attendre to wait j’attends I wait défendre to defend, to forbid je défends I defend, I forbid descendre to go down je descends I go down détendre to release, to relax je détends I release, I relax entendre to hear j’entends I hear étendre to spread out, to extend j’étends I spread out, I extend mordre to bite je mords I bite perdre to lose je perds I lose prétendre to claim je prétends I claim rendre to give back, to return <